The most fundamental skills that contribute to our learning ability are visual processing, auditory processing, sensory integration, memory, attention span and movement. It is important for brain cells in each area to form pathways that connect with other regions of the brain. With strong connections, the brain regions can work as a team.
For example, when we read, the auditory and visual parts of the brain work together through a highway of brain cell connections. The visual region allows us to see printed words, and the auditory region helps us remember the letter sounds. We then pronounce the words aloud or silently as we read. Readers with poor neural connections may spend time sounding out words, and find they do not remember how to pronounce the words when they see them again.
If there are not enough brain pathways connecting the basic visual, auditory and motor regions of the brain, children and adults often have difficulty with a variety of tasks such as comprehending conversations, expressing their thoughts, achieving in reading, writing and math, writing legibly or performing decently in sports. Brain training helps develop the pathways needed to make these tasks easier to perform.